Students have one opportunity to repeat any regular course in which a grade of “F,” “D-,” “D,” “D+,” or “C-“ has been assigned. On-demand or requested courses (independent studies, co-ops, special topics classes, etc.) are not grade repeatable, in that the second grade earned will not replace a prior grade. When a course is repeated, the second grade for the course will be used in calculating the cumulative grade point average, regardless of whether the second grade is higher or lower than the first. If both attempts of the course earned passing grades, only the most recent set of credits and grades will be applied to the student’s academic record. Students cannot repeat a scheduled course using an independent study for G.P.A. improvement.