B.S. in Biology (BY.BS)

Major Requirements/Biology (41 credits) 1
(Satisfies Natural Sciences in General Education)
BY-119Introductory Biology Major Seminar1
BY-109Introduction to Biodiversity and Evolution4
BY-110Introduction to Cell and Molecular Biology4
BY-216Introduction to Genetics4
(Satisfies Technological Literacy (TL) in General Education)
BY-495Senior Seminar1
(Satisfies Reasoned Oral Discourse (RD) in General Education)
Advanced Biology Electives: Select 27 credits including a minimum of one course from each category listed below. Additional BY electives may be offered that do not fall into one of these categories and can be used for elective credit. 227
Pathways and Information Flow
Introduction to Biotechnology
Biochemistry and Lab (Satisfies Writing Intensive (WT) requirement)
Cell Biology
Laboratory in Molecular and Cellular Biology (Satisfies Writing Intensive (WT) requirement)
Introduction to Neurosciences
Molecular Biology
Cancer Biology
Neuroscience Beyond Neurons
Organismal Structure & Function
Physiology with Anatomy I
Physiology with Anatomy II
General Microbiology
Applied Microbiology
Marine Biology
Principles of Developmental Biology
Evolution & Ecological Systems
Environment and Human Health
Environmental Biology and Policy
Introduction to Global Sustainability
Biological Oceanography
Tropical Island Ecology
Applied Field Biology
Natural Resource Conservation and Management
(BY-440 or BY-442) Satisfies Writing Intensive (WT) requirement
Interdisciplinary Requirements (30 credits)
Select one of the following:3
Pre-Calculus Modeling for the Biological Sciences
Calculus for the Biological Sciences
Calculus with Analytic Geometry I
(MA-115, MA-116, or MA-125 satisfies Mathematics in General Education)
MA-151Statistics with Applications3
CE-111General Chemistry I3
CE-111LGeneral Chemistry Laboratory I1
CE-112General Chemistry II3
CE-112LGeneral Chemistry Laboratory II1
CE-241Organic Chemistry I3
CE-241LOrganic Chemistry Laboratory I2
CE-242Organic Chemistry II3
PH-105Physics for the Life Sciences I3
PH-105LPhysics for the Life Sciences Laboratory I1
PH-106Physics for the Life Sciences II3
PH-106LPhysics for the Life Sciences Laboratory II1
Free Electives (18-19 credits)
Complete 18 - 19 credits of free electives. 318-19
General Education Requirements (30 credits)
Complete 30 credits as outlined on the General Education table. 430
Total Credits120


  • 54 credits must be completed at the 200 level or higher.

Sequence Chart

First Year
EN-101 College Composition I3EN-102 College Composition II3
BY-110 Introduction to Cell and Molecular Biology4CE-112
112L (Gen*Ed Natural Science (NS)
BY-119 Introductory Biology Major Seminar1BY-109 Introduction to Biodiversity and Evolution4
MA-115, MA-116 or MA-125 (Gen*Ed Mathematics)3FO-xxx Gen*Ed World Language3
111L (Gen*Ed Natural Science (NS)
4Gen*Ed Aesthetics (AT) AR,DA,MU,TH3
Semester Credits15Semester Credits17
Second Year
CE-241 Organic Chemistry I3CE-242 Organic Chemistry II3
CE-241L Organic Chemistry Laboratory I2MA-151 Statistics with Applications3
BY-216 Introduction to Genetics (Gen*Ed Technological Literacy (TL)4Biology Elective4
Gen*Ed Historical Perspectives (HS.SV)3Biology Elective: Organismal Structure and Function3
Gen*Ed Cultural Diversity (CD) or Global Understanding (GU)3Gen*Ed Historical Perspective (HS.SV) or Social Science Survey (SS.SV)3
Semester Credits15Semester Credits16
Third Year
4Biology Elective: Pathways and Information Flow3
BY-440 Ecology (Satisfies Writing Intensive (WT) requirement)4PH-106
Gen*Ed Literature (LIT)3Free Electives4
Biology Elective: Evolution and Ecological Systems3BY-442 Natural Resource Conservation and Management (Satisfies Writing Intensive (WT) requirement)3
Free Elective3 
Semester Credits17Semester Credits14
Fourth Year
Gen*Ed Social Science (SS.SV)3PR-4xx Gen*Ed Interdisciplinary Perspectives (ISP)3
BY-xxx Biology Electives4BY-495 Senior Seminar1
Free Electives (Gen*Ed Experiential Education (ExEd)6BY-xxx Biology Elective (See curriculum chart)3
 Free Electives 6
Semester Credits13Semester Credits13
Total Credits 120