B.S. in Biology with a Concentration in Molecular Cell Physiology (BY.MC.BS)

B.S. in Biology with a Concentration in Molecular Cell Physiology (BY.MC.BS)

Major Requirements/Biology - Molecular Cell Physiology (27 credits) 1
(Satisfies Natural Sciences in General Education)
BY-119Introductory Biology Major Seminar1
BY-109Introduction to Biodiversity and Evolution4
BY-110Introduction to Cell and Molecular Biology4
BY-216Introduction to Genetics4
(Satisfies Technological Literacy (TL) in General Eduction)
BY-310Biochemistry and Lab4
BY-370Cell Biology3
BY-375LLaboratory in Molecular and Cellular Biology3
(Satisfies Reasoned Oral Discourse (RD) in General Education)
BY-410Molecular Biology3
BY-495Senior Seminar1
(Satisfies Reasoned Oral Discourse (RD) in General Education)
At least 7 credits of BY must be at the 400 level
Molecular Cell Electives (19 credits)
Select a minimum of 19 Credits of Molecular Cell Electives19
Choose one course to satisfy the "systems" area of Biology:
Environment and Human Health
Physiology with Anatomy I
Physiology with Anatomy II
General Microbiology
Introduction to Neurosciences
Principles of Developmental Biology
Choose one course to satisfy the "evolution" area of Biology:
General Microbiology
Principles of Developmental Biology
Cancer Biology
Additional credits may be satisfied with:
Additional "systems" or "evolution" courses
The Business of Biotechnology: From the Bench to the Market
BY 299/BY 399/BY 499 Independent Study
Introduction to Biotechnology
Research in Molecular Cell Physiology
Research in Molecular Cell Physiology
Vertebrate Histology
Applied Microbiology
Neurosciences Laboratory
Vertebrate Physiology and Laboratory
Interdisciplinary Requirements (30 credits)
Select one of the following:3
(MA-115 or MA-116 or MA-125 satisfies Mathematics in General Education)
Pre-Calculus Modeling for the Biological Sciences
Calculus for the Biological Sciences
Calculus with Analytic Geometry I
MA-151Statistics with Applications3
CE-111General Chemistry I3
CE-111LGeneral Chemistry Laboratory I1
CE-112General Chemistry II3
CE-112LGeneral Chemistry Laboratory II1
CE-241Organic Chemistry I3
CE-241LOrganic Chemistry Laboratory I1
CE-242Organic Chemistry II3
CE-242LOrganic Chemistry Laboratory II1
PH-105Physics for the Life Sciences I3
PH-105LPhysics for the Life Sciences Laboratory I1
PH-106Physics for the Life Sciences II3
PH-106LPhysics for the Life Sciences Laboratory II1
Free Electives (14 credits) 2
Complete a minimum of 14 credits of free electives 214
General Education Requirements (30 credits) 3
Complete 30 credits as outlined on the General Education table. 330
Total Credits120

BY-102 Applications in Biotechnology (3 cr.), BY-104 Human Biology (3 cr.), BY-105 Introductory Biology and Human Development (3 cr.), and BY-106 The Brain - Highs and Lows (3 cr.) are not available to BY majors.


Please consult with your advisor regarding the required number of free electives that must be completed.


The General Education curriculum requires the completion of 45 credits. However, students may be able to share credits from within their major or interdisciplinary requirements. Please consult with your advisor to determine which General Education courses must be completed. 


  • 54 credits must be completed at the 200 level or higher.

Sequence Chart

First Year
EN-101 College Composition I3EN-102 College Composition II3
BY-110 Introduction to Cell and Molecular Biology or 1094BY-109 Introduction to Biodiversity and Evolution or 1104
BY-119 Introductory Biology Major Seminar1CE-112
CE-111 General Chemistry I3FO-xxx Gen*Ed World Language3
CE-111L General Chemistry Laboratory I1Gen*Ed Social Historical Perspectives (HS.SV)3
MA-115 Pre-Calculus Modeling for the Biological Sciences or 1163 
Semester Credits15Semester Credits17
Second Year
BY-216 Introduction to Genetics (Gen*Ed Technological Literacy (TL))4CE-242 Organic Chemistry II3
BY-xxx Biology Elective (Molecular Cell, Systems)4CE-242L Organic Chemistry Laboratory II1
4MA-151 Statistics with Applications3
Gen*Ed Aesthetics (AT) AR,DA,MU,TH3BY-xxx Biology Elective (Evolution)3
 BY-xxx Biology Elective3
 Gen*Ed Literature (LIT)3
Semester Credits15Semester Credits16
Third Year
BY-310 Biochemistry and Lab4PH-106
4BY-370 Cell Biology3
Gen*Ed Cultural Diversity (CD) or Global Understanding (GU)3BY-375L Laboratory in Molecular and Cellular Biology (Gen*Ed Reasoned Oral Discourse (RD) and Writing Intensive (WT))3
Free Elective3Free Elective3
Semester Credits14Semester Credits13
Fourth Year
BY-xxx Biology Electives6BY-410 Molecular Biology3
PR-4xx Gen*Ed Interdisciplinary Perspectives (ISP)3BY-495 Senior Seminar1
Gen*Ed Historical Perspectives (HS.SV) or Social Science Survey (SS.SV)3BY-xxx Biology Elective3
Free Elective3Gen*Ed Social Science Survey (SS.SV)3
 Free Electives5
Semester Credits15Semester Credits15
Total Credits 120